Evelyn Waugh was an English writer of novels, biographies and travel books. He was also a prolific journalist and reviewer of books. Waugh is recognised as one of the great prose stylists of the English language in the 20th century. He was a perceptive writer who used the experiences and the wide range of people he encountered in his works of fiction, generally to humorous effect. Waugh's detachment was such that he fictionalised his own mental breakdown, which occurred in the early 1950s.